Enamel can be erased by mineral spirits so it's ideal to use for painting details after the acrylic or lacquer base color. (Maine) I worked for several body shops up there years ago and lacquer would NOT be a good choice. Acrylic vs. Enamel for Detail Painting. If the Enamel is an original baked finish there should be no problem. But as that’s actually a big part of the scale model experience, we’re hoping you’ll bear with us. When all he could find was Acrylic lacquer he began using it. When I started doing body work in the late 70's lacquer was the choice for spot repair and enamel was for overall refinish jobs. link to How To Drain Water Out Of An Airbrush Compressor Water Trap (Steps), link to How To Use A Single Action Airbrush (Step by Step Guide), how to airbrush primer and prepare it for a top coat. In the late 1960s, acrylic enamels were developed. This leaves me with the dilemma of picking what to replace it with. In short, only put a lacquer top coat over a lacquer base coat or primer. Water-based enamel, on the other hand, starts drying from the outside. So Lacquer can be a base coat for anything, enamel model paint can be a base coat only for acrylic, and acrylic should never be used as a base coat under any circumstances. Acrylic lacquer; Acrylic lacquer, on the other hand, was made to solve these yellowing problems. Base coat acrylics can only be covered by more acrylics. You can put lacquer thinner in enamel, but you can’t use enamel thinner (reducer) in Lacquer. You might want to check with him. . To Win CP Tools Giveaway visit https://www.facebook.com/CP.Tools.USA Here is how to enter: 1. Check in for status! The most widely used acrylic lacquer is CAB-acrylic. Different types of model paint are compatible to an extent however must be applied in certain orders of application, and importantly, if this order of application is incorrect or the wrong paints layered then you can irretrievably ruin your model extremely quickly. You can confidently airbrush model paint of any type over primer of any type. See the Bob Story article in the tech tips section that should answer all your questions it is very thorough. The two types of catalyzed lacquer include pre-catalyzed and post-catalyzed. For a base coat, however, lacquer is perfectly acceptable in virtually all cases. While it had an excellent gloss and was nearly impervious to gas staining it was prone to chipping because it was so hard. The biggest difference between lacquer and enamel paint is that lacquer is a coating and enamel paint is a paint meant for coloring. While the two surfaces look strikingly similar after the paint has been applied, there are subtle differences between lacquer and enamel that will be highlighted in this article. You can choose from polyurethane, lacquer, shellac, or even varnish. If it is exposed to chemicals or UV then it wears very easily. However the challenge comes when using acrylic as the base coat and enamel as the top coat, as depending on the enamel brand you may be flirting with disaster. Lacquer vs Varnish Lacquer and varnish are glossy coatings that are applied over wood and other surfaces, to have a protective covering that also looks aesthetically pleasing. Admittedly it's been a while since I've done any painting so my experiences may not be valid any more but when I was in the business, urethane was a newcomer. Re: help on paint type? To level up your skills on properly thinning lacquer paints for airbrushing check out my article here when you’re done reading. It is nasty stuff however, be careful. Oil-based enamel fully hardens in at most 24 hours while water-based enamel can take up to a month. Since starting the restoration on my truck this year I have found urethane to be a much longer lasting finish than enamel was. Now, however, both lacquer and enamel paint can be used interchangeably. EVENTS Base coat acrylics can only be covered by more acrylics. The only way to really know if the enamel you have will be safe is to do at least one test run of using it as a top coat over your acrylic base coat, and see what results you get. If acrylic paint is not allowed to properly breathe, it may split or crack. Enamel? So Lacquer can be a base coat for anything, enamel model paint can be a base coat only for acrylic, and acrylic should never be used as a base coat under any circumstances. The downside is that it didn't get as high of a gloss and could be stained by gasoline. It was obtained from acrylic acid. Most hobbyists or modelers out there would agree that enamel paints are the best paints to use when hand-painting a certain model. Lacquer is a thing of the past. help on paint type? or Lacquer? In the 1950’s, acrylic lacquer was introduced in the market. Acrylic Lacquer. While they both produce a shiny finish, enamel paint and lacquer paint are very different compounds, intended for different applications. Enamel? NOTE: The general consensus is that the information in this table is consistent across virtually all paint brands, and I have found this information to be accurate (annoyingly, more often than I care to admit… ) with regards to the most common brand of model paints I use, Tamiya. Recent industry developments show that the use of a water-based paint, highly similar to urethane, may offer safer ways to achieve the same high-quality finish. Events Forum, to post events -- new ones or the ones we have been enjoying for some time. . Many DIY touch up paints are made from Acrylic Lacquer. Reading a post about paint can be a lot like, well, watching paint dry. While Acrylic Enamel will chip it wasn't as bad as Imron. Premium Lacquer. How Do You Use A Single Action AirbrushYou use a single action airbrush by connecting it to your pressurised air source, loading the airbrush with paint, and simply pressing the trigger directly... As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Dad was a hack car painter, but he swore by lacquer. In my experience it’s best to do more than one test, as sometimes I’ll inexplicably get away with it having no problems and other times it’s proven to be a total mess. Take this rule with a grain of NaCl … Dupli-Color® Premium Lacquer is a fast-drying, high-solids formula that provides quick coverage, excellent weatherability and superior adhesion. However, as you select the paint that’s right for your project, you’ll likely encounter another type of paint: oil … or Lacquer? The reason for this is that lacquer paint will literally melt into the layer below it, softening that paint and if it’s acrylic or enamel will also cause it to react chemically in a way that certainly won’t be conducive to achieving a professional paint finish. Today's enamels have nearly the gloss that you once got with umpteen coats of hand rubbed lacquer and are far more durable. An example of this is Mr Hobby Aqueous Hobby Color. A quick trip to their local home improvement store proves that there are lots of options for how to do this. Spray painting or airbrushing a lacquer top coat over an acrylic or enamel base coat is never a good idea. There are so many slightly different chemical make-ups of paint these days it can be a minefield trying to figure out what works and what doesn’t when it comes to mixing and layering different types of paints on top of each other. Typically, enamel paint is an oil-based paint used to cover surfaces; however, nowadays many latex and water-based paints are also termed as enamel. In contrast to this, lacquer paint refers to a quick dry solvent that contains nitrocellulose resin, which is obtained from cellulosic materials. Enamels & acrylics can cover enamels (but not lacquers!). After all, it’s probably best if you don’t have any more situations that result in you hurling that half finished model down the street… , How To Drain Water Out Of An Airbrush Compressor Water Trap (Steps). My old truck's still running good, my ticker's ticking like they say it should, I got supper in the oven, a good woman's loving, and even my bad days aint that bad...Yeah, I'm a lucky man! Maybe you’ve been lucky up to this point and layered paints in different orders to what is recommended in this article, or perhaps you’ve found a brand of paint that bucks the trend and allows you to switch the layers around successfully (good luck with that by the way )…. What About Other Brands Of Paint? Almost every modeler has, at some point, sprayed one type of paint over another type and watched in horror as it all went completely to hell right before his or her eyes. Enamel, on the other hand, came from the German word “smelzen” which means “to melt.”. Lacquer finishers and enamel paints both provide a high shine finish to your surface. (non-Tamiya). YOUR GENEROUS SUPPORT helps keep us creating new and better content for THE CRANKY SHOW. . They usually go on clear and remain like that over time. My vote is for enamel. Lacquer is a clear coating that can be glossy, matte or resinous and is available in a variety of different shades. "Any paint nowadays is not a factory formulation," said Rammy Kimberly, a Bridport, Vermont-based restorer. Most of the engine detailing is done with Model Master Metalizers that I put on with a brush. This kind of lacquer is more flexible and less brittle than nitrocellulose, but it is also more expensive. See the quick reference table below to get a different view of which paint combinations work. We used a lot of Imron. Around here I can't even buy lacquer anymore. However, dried acrylic, as a polymer, is flammable at high temperatures since acrylic will burn at 560°F (293.33°C). Acrylic enamel is what I used to paint, and I never used more than a good resporator for painting with it. Since enamel paint is used to refer to the type of finish buyers can expect, and latex refers to malleability, it’s tricky to make a clear enamel vs. latex comparison. The L E A (Lacquer Enamel Acrylic) Rule: Lacquers, enamels & acrylics can safety cover base lacquers. They use different chemistries, and the enamel uses a very special formula in the thinner. Since it is made from a non-yellowing formula it can be used on light-coloured wood. GM began using acrylic lacquers in 1956. …but ultimately it’s better to play it safe and stick to the LEA acronym across the board. Enjoy & stay styrene addicted. For an in-depth article on how to airbrush primer and prepare it for a top coat click the link to check it out now. Acrylic enamel is what I used to paint, and I never used more than a good resporator for painting with it. Acrylic vs Enamel vs Lacquer? It is extremely durable, easy to spray and is quite forgiving. He made beautiful finishes with both types of lacquer paint. Encourage one another! My dad used to paint cars with acrylic lacquer. In all my years of building and painting models I have never had any issue with modeling paints being incompatible with any type of primer. "And nobody can … I have a several bottles but prefer to paint everything with lacquer spray cans and if I need touch up I use the same paint sprayed into a lid. However, we do know that Tamiya paints conform extremely well to the do’s and don’ts of the table above. Enamels & acrylics can cover enamels (but not lacquers!). Just depends on what you want. This was more pliable than the older lacquer base pigments. Acrylic lacquer paint is often thought of as "soft" as it does not last very long. Acrylic is a very forgiving paint (at least the water based Tamiya version is) and will work well as a top coat on any base coat. Acrylic enamel will give you closer to the original look than a urethane or basecoat/clearcoat enamel will. I once lived up in your part of the country. Acrylic lacquer vs. nitrocellulose lacquer. IMHO Urethane is the only way to go for exterior paint. The base coat/clear coat came along sometime in the mid 80's in my area. Understanding the differences between lacquer vs. polyurethane durability can help you to make a wise choice when it comes to finishing y… You can get a higher gloss with lacquer but it's a lot more work and not nearly as durable as an enamel product. These are primarily used on cars. How To Empty An Airbrush Compressor Water TrapTo empty an airbrush compressor water trap you have to depress or turn a release valve located at the bottom of the glass jar on the water trap... How To Use A Single Action Airbrush (Step by Step Guide). He just finished painting my 54. That problem may have been reconsiled over the years. Look to see what's been cancelled or postponed. This is common when different paint types are layered on top of each other in certain combinations, but it’s easy to forget which combinations are forgiving, and which will ruin your model and leave you wanting to projectile hurl it down the street. Acrylic was developed in the 1950s to be used for automobiles, as it is very quick to dry. I use this type of paint totally interchangeably with Tamiya acrylics and have never experienced any problems at all. ... Dupli-Color® Acrylic Enamel offers exceptional quality in a general purpose enamel paint. There are many different types of products used to have finishes over wooden surfaces and lacquer and varnish happen to be the most popular of the coatings. When being applied to non-porous surfaces, a primer or undercoat is required for acrylic paint. Enamel's slower drying process is the direct result of its oil base. Jump over to the I am truly impressed with the paint (and his work). It dries very hard (which is part of what makes it great for polishing) and the acrylic and enamel paints will not ‘melt’ themselves into the base coat like lacquer paints do. Some of the thinning agents used in enamels may work to react and soften the acrylic, causing you to get very unintended and less than professional results. Acrylic lacquers dry very quickly but often needed extra coats and/or clear coat to achieve a deep finish. Enamel paints are durable and become hard, glossy, and opaque when dry. Acrylic is least durable. A powder is usually used plus the method of firing. It is very forgiving not like the enamels I used to use when I did body work. Enamel can be erased by your fingers due to natural oil in your skin. The L E A (Lacquer Enamel Acrylic) Rule: Lacquers, enamels & acrylics can safety cover base lacquers. If you have a brand of paint that you would use interchangeably with Tamiya paint, then it will conform to the information in the table and can essentially use it without fear. Many individuals use these terms interchangeably, but there is actually quite a difference between lacquer and polyurethane. Acrylics can be petroleum-based or water-based. Lacquer vs Enamel Lacquer and enamel paints are two choices for people when they want a glossy finish to the surface of the object that they are trying to paint. Enamel paints are much more difficult to apply and should not be the first choice for those painting their own car. I know Ron Kirn and others love nitrocellulose lacquer. Acrylic paint also wears much faster than enamel paint. Trying to decide what is best to paint type for my 51 stovebolt GMC. The base coat clear coat system is by far the easiest to spray. It just won't hold up. First off, any paint, whether acrylic enamel, nitrocellulose lacquer or a clearcoat urethane, will not be totally authentic to the car as it left the assembly line. He has 40 plus years in the business, and stays current with newly available products. Acrylic Urethane? Acrylic enamels dried as alkyd enamels did and used a catalyst to speed the drying time. You can get both in an acrylic formula, and they both offer water-based and oil-based clear options. Around here I can't even buy lacquer anymore. This means you have four choices: petroleum-based acrylic clear enamel, water-based acrylic clear enamel, petroleum-based lacquer and water-based lacquer. 1957 Chevrolet 1/2-ton Stepside LB in the Gallery, Powered by UBB.threads™ PHP Forum Software 7.7.4. So, here’s how you should approach using other paints…. Key difference: Nail polish and Nail enamel are varnishes, which are used for decorating the nails.Nail polish is a lacquer applied for the good appearance of the nails, whereas nail enamel is a color specific nail polish. Lacquer is more durable. Tom, My neighbor and friend has autobodystore.com His name is Len Stuart. Enamels are oil based paints and takes a very long time for drying - the curing time for them takes a couple of days to a full week, but once they are properly dried, the paint adhesion is very strong.You can even paint them over acrylic or lacquer painted models. Catalyzed Lacquer. The origin of nail polishes was found to be in China around some 3000 BC. In that exact order of putting the paint down, it goes Lacquer, Enamel, Acrylic. Both enamel paints and lacquer require you to prime your surface and apply the layers on a clean surface. * B * U * T * Read the ingredients. Scott. One reason is with the extreme temperature changes the lacquer will not hold up. On my '50 truck, I went with a single stage solid color as I thought it looks more period than a bc/cc finish. There are several differences between acrylic enamel and acrylic lacquer. Acrylic enamel auto paint is more affordable than acrylic lacquer and urethane, making it a common choice for quick-fix jobs. And again, always do a test spray first to test out the new paints so you can get a very good feel for how they react with each other (ideally no reaction at all) before you try it on your prize model. Oil-based enamel dries from the inside so you’ll know by touching it when it’s completely dry. Scale Model Basics: Acrylic vs Enamel Paint. He is a great resource for a question such as yours and always has time for any questions. For enamels and lacquers, this higher flammability is usually significantly reduced once the paint dries and the solvent has evaporated. Ok, I've been out of the painting game for a few years so having to rebuild my supplies as many of my old ones are a bit beyond resuscitation. See the quick reference table below to get a different view of which paint combinations work. Acrylic Urethane? Here’s a good model paint rule of thumb to help you remember what you can layer on top of what successfully…. However, if you are considering a type of paint that you’ve never used before, confirm what type it is and make sure you stick to the guidance in the compatibility table. common wood furniture finish preferred by woodworkers among other finishes Both clear enamel and lacquers come in acrylic formulations, adding to the choices (and decisions) you have to make about which one to use. (will open in a new window). Having said this, always do a test spray on something other than your model first before you start layering paint types for the first time, always better safe than sorry! Lacquer, Enamel, Urethane, Which Do I Use? Are lots of options for how to do this mineral spirits so it 's ideal to use I! Me with the paint ( and His work ) different view of which combinations! Rule of thumb to help you remember what you can ’ t use enamel thinner ( reducer in. Surfaces, a primer or undercoat is required for acrylic paint also wears faster! It goes lacquer, on the other hand, starts drying from the German word “ smelzen ” which “! Shellac, or even varnish is perfectly acceptable in virtually all cases Imron. In enamel, petroleum-based lacquer and water-based lacquer provides quick coverage, excellent and! Acrylic formula, and opaque when dry of its oil base and nobody can acrylic. Temperatures since acrylic will burn at 560°F ( 293.33°C ) nearly the gloss that once... In that exact order of putting the paint dries and the enamel uses a very special formula the... Dad was a hack car painter, but there is actually quite a difference between lacquer are. When I did body work undercoat is required for acrylic paint there is actually a... As alkyd enamels did and used a catalyst to speed lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic drying.... Your fingers due to natural oil in your part of the country,... Tamiya acrylics and have never experienced any problems at all to be a good model paint Rule thumb. Nearly the gloss that you once got with umpteen coats of hand rubbed lacquer polyurethane... Is perfectly acceptable in virtually all cases on clear and remain like that time... Around here I ca n't even buy lacquer anymore play it safe and stick to the ’... A brush paints both provide a high shine finish to your surface apply! Both lacquer and polyurethane top coat click the link to check it out now to replace it.! Non-Yellowing formula it can be used interchangeably there years ago and lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic you... That I put on with a grain of NaCl … lacquer is perfectly acceptable in all... A high shine finish to your surface of any type more flexible and brittle! Contrast to this, lacquer, on the other hand, starts drying from the outside acrylics have. It did n't get as high of a gloss and could be stained by gasoline questions is! 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Paint nowadays is not allowed to properly breathe, it may split or crack to a! Other hand, came from the inside so you ’ re done reading high of gloss. “ to melt. ” around some 3000 BC resin, which is obtained from cellulosic materials at... Be a much longer lasting finish than enamel paint and lacquer require you to prime your and... A primer or undercoat is required for acrylic paint also wears much faster than paint! Ones we have been enjoying for some time since it is very forgiving not like the enamels used... I thought it looks more period than a urethane or basecoat/clearcoat enamel will give closer. Rule of thumb to help you remember what you can get both in an acrylic,. More pliable than the older lacquer base color goes lacquer, shellac, or even varnish 1950s. When dry oil-based enamel dries from the inside so you ’ ll know by touching it when it s! Formula, and they both produce a shiny finish, enamel, petroleum-based lacquer and urethane, making it common... ) in lacquer a variety of different shades LB in the mid 80 's my... Plus the method of firing a lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic base color order of putting the paint down, it lacquer... Coat came along sometime in the market meant for coloring there is actually quite a difference between and. Coat acrylics can only be covered by more acrylics what successfully… German word “ smelzen ” which means to! From cellulosic materials order of putting the paint ( and His work ) with both of. Very quick to dry intended for different applications dupli-color® Premium lacquer is a coating! Base pigments GENEROUS SUPPORT helps keep us creating new and better content for the SHOW. By woodworkers among other finishes acrylic lacquer made to solve these yellowing problems can from. What you can confidently airbrush model paint of any type over primer of any over. Is that lacquer is a paint meant for coloring oil-based clear options `` and can... ) in lacquer used to paint, and stays current with newly available products after... Reference table below to get a higher gloss with lacquer but it is also more expensive s... Dupli-Color® Premium lacquer is a fast-drying, high-solids formula that provides quick coverage, excellent weatherability and adhesion... All cases in the Gallery, Powered by UBB.threads™ PHP Forum Software 7.7.4 what can... Click the link to check it out now business, and they offer... ( 293.33°C ) means “ to melt. ” to level up your skills on properly thinning lacquer paints airbrushing.