Distribution: Northeastern North America. The aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in birch tar are irritating to the skin. It is a larval host plant for the Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. Exposure: Full sun to partial shade.p> Learn More Dislikes wet soils[200]. Growth Rate: Average. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. L. Natural range of Betula lenta Characteristics and habitat. Six percent and 51 percent increases in average 8-year basal area growth of 90-year-old trees have been reported from applications of lime and lime plus nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, respectively (98). Betula lenta: Sweet Birch Seeds. form a strategic partnership called N.C. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Genus. Introduction. You may see Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) which has one flight from June-July, Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus) with one brood April-July and rarely a second in the south, and Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilo glaucus) which has three flights from February-November in the south and two flights May-September in the north. The bruised foliage has a strong smell of wintergreen[200]. native to Japan ; zone 1; Habit and Form. Expand. It can be used medicinally, as a food flavouring, as an ingredient in cosmetic shampoos and also to make a wholesome tea[11, 21, 46, 171, 269]. CONTACT BETULA LENTA. Introduction. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. A delicious drink, it can also be concentrated into a syrup or sugar[183]. Exposure: Full sun to partial shade.p> Learn More USDA NRCS. During summer, 1 to 1.5-inch oblong, erect cones ripen and break apart, exposing the 2 very small, winged nutlets. large, deciduous tree; 40' to 50' tall; open habit; fast growth rate; medium texture; Summer Foliage. We investigated whether black birch (Betula lenta L.) seedlings can maximize growth by foraging preferentially for a particular form of nitrogen, and whether supply rate of N and ammonium: nitrate in a patch affects preferences. Heights of 50 feet (15 m) to 80 feet (24 m) are more typical. Medium growth rate to 40 to 55 feet. Native to the eastern United States, the tree also attracts beautiful butterflies to the landscape, serving as a caterpillar/larval host. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. A wholesome, agreeable tea is made from the essential oil contained in the inner bark and twigs[21, 55, 62]. In the next eight years, it adds 40 ft to reach a height of 46 feet at the age of 20 years. Betula lenta, but its closest relative with a slow growth rate and similar habitat that could be found at the study site was Fagus americana. Landscape Uses:Specimen, Woodland garden. F Sowing Density: 25-40 seedlings/ft2 Plant Use: Nitrogen … Flower and fruit: Monoecious; male catkins are usually about 1 inch long, grouped in threes and visible throughout the winter. Betula platyphylla Asian White Birch Betulaceae. Sap - raw or cooked[2, 46, 102]. Betula lenta (sweet birch, also known as black birch, cherry birch, mahogany birch, or spice birch) is a species of birch native to eastern North America, from southern Maine west to southernmost Ontario, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. Wood - very strong, close grained, hard, heavy. Characteristics and habitat. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. A tea made from the bark is used in the treatment of fevers, stomach aches and lung ailments[222, 257], it is said to be an excellent tonic in cases of dysentery and to be useful in the treatment of gravel and female obstructions[4]. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 80 feet at maturity. The difference between cytokinin types was 11–29% for the multiplication rate and 21–29% for the length of the main stem. Reply. This QR Code is unique to this page. A sweet flavour[61, 177]. It is used in the treatment of rheumatism, bladder infections, neuralgia etc[222]. Inner bark is generally only seen as a famine food, used when other forms of starch are not available or are in short supply[K]. Betula lenta. simple, deciduous leaves; alternate leaf arrangement; up to 3" long; dark green leaf color; serrated leaf margin; Autumn Foliage. Flower and Fruit Details . Growth Rate: Medium; Spread: Plant Type: Medium Tree Vegetation Type: Deciduous; Purity Range: 40-60% Germination Range: 20-40% Shelf Life: 1-2 years cold & dry; Storage: Cold & Dry @ 34-41 Deg. Robert H. Mohlenbrock. 11-1 indicates that the plant is heat tolerant in zones 11 through 1.) You will receive a range of benefits including: Betula platyphylla Asian White Birch Betulaceae. A good plant to grow near the compost heap, aiding the fermentation process[20]. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. An easily grown plant, it succeeds in a well-drained loamy soil in a sheltered position[11, 200]. Grow the plants on in the seedbed for 2 years before planting them out into their permanent positions in the winter[78, 80, 113, 134]. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. native to Japan ; zone 1; Habit and Form. Trees can be coppiced on a cycle of 5 years or more[245]. The model utilizes in vitro proliferation of fresh and dormant buds from both greenhouse and mature trees. Width: 11 - 12m. It is called Sweet Birch due to it's peppermint-like taste and aroma when twigs are broken or crushed. . However, better shoot growth and proliferation had a significant positive relation to shoot hyperhydration (all p < 0.001). Heat Zones range from 1 (no heat days) to 12 (210 or more heat days). Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a. Sweet birch (Betula lenta), ... Growth and Yield-Sweet birch saplings grow relatively rapidly. When choosing a location, keep in mind that the Sweet Birch has a fast growth rate. searching for Betula lenta 9 found (64 total) alternate case: betula lenta. 3 Culture. It grows primarily on the mountains of the western part of the state. The leaves turn golden-yellow in the fall. It is also found on rocky soils; however, it is sensitive to compacted soil. Data were collected from nine experimental plots composed of three treatments: 100% oaks girdled (OG), 50% oaks girdled (O50) and control (C). Betula pendula, B. verrucosa. USDA NRCS. This will continue to occur as long as the tree lives, but the individual bark layers become indiscernible after roughly 250 years of age. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Hardiness. Its vernacular. Cultivation and Propagation Information Growth is best in deep, rich, moist, slightly acidic, well … An efficient procedure for the micropropagation and conservation of cherry birch (Betula lenta L.), an endangered species in Canada, is reported. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[50]. It is a shrub or small tree with dark red-brown, close bark. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. A tea made from the twigs is used in the treatment of fevers[222]. Any thoughts? This plants' seed is a nutlet. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Black birch (Betula lenta L.) has become an increasingly important component of northeastern forests in recent decades. Edible Parts: Inner bark  SapEdible Uses: Condiment  Sweetener  TeaInner bark - cooked or dried and ground into a powder[4, 62, 102]. Betula lenta, but its closest relative with a slow growth rate and similar habitat that could be found at the study site was Fagus americana. Sweet Birch is a large deciduous tree with reddish-brown to reddish-black bark. Expand. Many moths also use as a host plant. In the past, the people of the Appalachians cut large numbers of this tree to produce wintergreen oil. var s = '' The catkins (elongated, drooping clusters of tiny flowers without petals) appear just before the leaves emerge. OW. Slow growth rate, averaging 10 to 15 feet over 15 years. As little as 4, 700 mg can be fatal in children[269]. Betula lenta Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch Pronunciation. ... (Betula lenta). Hardiness. The sap can be fermented to make birch beer or vinegar[183]. Average mature size of 40-55' tall and 35-45' wide, possibly to 80' tall in wild. 1958; COSEWIC 2006). The oil, when decolourized, is similar to 'Oil of Wintergreen' (obtained from Gaultheria procumbens) and is considered to be of superior quality[245]. The hard, close grained lumber is used for furniture and interior trims. Do not prune in winter or spring when the sap is running because it will bleed. Plant Heat Zones show when plants would start suffering from the heat. BET-u-la LEN-ta Family. In this study, we measured the changes in N use and growth rates of black birch trees (Betula lenta L.) following oak girdling at the Black Rock Forest in southeastern New York, USA. Form: Rounded . The oil distilled from the wood is insect repellent[269].l The bark contains up to 16% tannin[223]. Medium growth rate. It is the only native birch that does well in low elevations of the south. it is gentle, and very harmless in operation within the body, and exceedingly sharpens the Appetite, being drunk ante pastum."[269]. Foliar N concentration and foliar N abundance increased … The greatest yield of oil is obtained if the tree is harvested in the summer[245]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. In the wild, this tree provides shade for … It usually ranges from 60 to 75 feet (18-23 m) in height and up to 2 feet (0.6 m) in diameter, and occasionally grows to 100 feet (30 m) in height and 4 feet (1.2 m) in diameter [14,44,53].Open-grown yellow birch crowns are long and wide spreading; in more dense forest crowns are short and irregularly rounded []. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Leaves: Deciduous Height: 12 - 21m. 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